|Asperger syndrome |
Classification and external resources
Asperger syndrome also called Asperger's syndrome, Asperger's disorder, Asperger's or AS) is one of several autism spectrum disorders (ASD) characterized by difficulties in social interaction and by restricted, stereotyped interests and activities. Aspergers is distinguished from the other ASDs in having no general delay in language or cognitive development. Although not mentioned in standard diagnostic criteria, motor clumsiness and atypical use of language are frequently reported.
Aspergers is named after Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger who, in 1944, described children in his practice who lacked nonverbal communication skills, failed to demonstrate empathy with their peers, and were physically clumsy. Fifty years later, Apergers was recognized in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10), and in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) as Asperger's Disorder. Questions about many aspects of Aspergers remain: for example, there is lingering doubt about the distinction between Aspergers and high-functioning autism (HFA); partly due to this, the prevalence of Aspergers is not firmly established. The exact cause of Aspergers is unknown, although research supports the likelihood of a genetic basis, and brain imaging techniques have identified structural and functional differences in specific regions of the brain.
There is no single treatment for Aspergers, and the effectiveness of particular interventions is supported by only limited data. Intervention is aimed at improving symptoms and function. The mainstay of treatment is behavioral therapy, focusing on specific deficits to address poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and clumsiness. Most individuals with Aspergers can learn to cope with their differences, but may continue to need moral support and encouragement to maintain an independent life. Researchers and people with Aspergers have contributed to a shift in attitudes away from the notion that Aspergers is a deviation from the norm that must be treated or cured, and towards the view that Aspergers is a difference rather than a disability.
A Video About Asperger's Syndrome--
This video will help you understand about what it's like to be inside the head of an autistic person (I have Asperger's). I show you how I behave through the way I learn by using cartoon pictures I drew on paints. Ever since I posted my video it became a Featured Video, it won 2nd place in the 2007 East End Student Film Project, it was nominated for Best Commentary Video for the 2007 YouTube Awards, it was shown in a teachers convention, been in the newspaper 3 times, and also this video have received over thousands of comments most of them are strong positive comments from Parents, Teachers, People who has Autistic friends, and even people who are also Autistic themselves.
The Parenting Aspergers Resource Guide: A Complete Resource Guide For Parents Who Have Children Diagnosed With Aspergers Syndrome.